Royaume-Uni | Plus de 1400 suspects de pédophilie identifiés

Plus de 1400 suspects de pédophilie identifiés en Grande-Bretagne

Clockwise from top left: Fred Talbot, Gary Glitter, Jimmy Savile, Rolf Harris, Stuart Hall, Max Clifford Photograph: Various/PA/Getty/Wireimage/AFP/Reuters
Clockwise from top left: Fred Talbot, Gary Glitter, Jimmy Savile, Rolf Harris, Stuart Hall, Max Clifford Photograph: Various/PA/Getty/Wireimage/AFP/Reuters

La police britannique enquête sur 1433 personnes soupçonnées d’abus sexuels sur des enfants, sur plusieurs décennies, dont 261 «personnalités en vue» de la politique, des médias ou du cinéma.Correspondant à Londres

Les enquêtes en cours sur de multiples scandales d’abus sexuels d’enfants durant plusieurs décennies à travers le Royaume-Uni ont permis d’identifier 1433 suspects. Cette liste comprend notamment 261 personnalités «en vue», dont 76 politiciens, 43 personnes du milieu de la musique, 135 du cinéma ou de l’audiovisuel, 7 du sport. Sur les supsects identifiés, 216 sont morts.

Ces chiffres vertigineux ont été révélés mercredi par les responsables de l’«opération Hydrant» du conseil national des chefs de police (NSPCC). Ils cumulent les résultats de nombreuses enquêtes menées simultanément par plusieurs forces de police d’Angleterre, du pays de Galles, d’Irlande du Nord et d’Ecosse, sur des scandales distincts. Ceux-ci portent sur des abus au sein d’écoles, de maisons d’enfants, d’établissements médicaux, des centres sportifs, ainsi que dans les cercles politiques de Westminster.

Hausse de 71% de signalements en trois ans

Des chiffres «stupéfiants», selon le responsable du NSPCC, Jon Brown, qui montrent que la pédophilie «pénètre toutes les strates de la société». Le nombre de signalements d’abus atteindrait, cette année 116.000, en augmentation de 71% par rapport à 2012. C’est l’année où a éclaté le scandale concernant l’animateur star de la BBC Jimmy Savile, mort fin 2011, qui avait abusé de centaines d’adolescentes durant sa carrière sans être inquiété. Depuis, les langues se délient et les services de police prennent enfin au sérieux les témoignages reçus. Les vedettes de la chanson Rolf Harris et Garry Glitter ont été condamnées pour de tels faits, ainsi que le magnat des relations publiques Max Clifford.

«Nous avons fermé les yeux en tant que nation»

Indépendamment des enquêtes policières et judiciaires, une commission d’enquête nationale pour faire toute la lumière sur les responsabilités dans ces faits historiques, présidée par la juge néo-zélandaise Lowell Goddard, vient d’être mise sur pied. Ses travaux pourraient durer entre trois et huit ans.

«Nous commençons seulement à comprendre comment, en tant que nation, sur de nombreuses générations, nous avons fermé les yeux sur le scandale des abus de mineurs. Les survivants méritent justice et les futures générations une meilleure protection», commente Tom Watson, député travailliste qui avait levé le voile en 2012 sur l’existence d’un réseau pédophile au Parlement de Westminster.



1,400 investigated in child sex abuse inquiry, including politicians

Officer leading Operation Hydrant inquiry says out of 1,433 alleged offenders 76 were politicians, 43 were from music industry and 135 were from TV, film or radio

Clockwise from top left: Fred Talbot, Gary Glitter, Jimmy Savile, Rolf Harris, Stuart Hall, Max Clifford Photograph: Various/PA/Getty/Wireimage/AFP/Reuters

Police across the country are investigating more than 1,400 men – including 261 high-profile individuals – over allegations of child abuse in the past, a senior officer running the national operation has revealed.

The scale of alleged child abuse across society – both recent and non-recent – was stark, said Ch Const Simon Bailey, who runs Operation Hydrant, the national coordinating team overseeing the various inquiries.

Figures from police forces in England and Wales published on Wednesday reveal that 1,433 men have been identified in reports of alleged abuse by victims, since the operation was set up in 2014.

Of these 216 are dead, 76 are politicians, both national and local figures, 43 are from the music industry, 135 from TV, film or radio and seven from the world of sport. The cases include recent high-profile convictions, including Rolf Harris, Gary Glitter and Max Clifford.

Hundreds of institutions have been identified by victims of non-recent abuse as places where their abuse took place. These include 154 schools, 75 children’s homes, 40 religious institutions, 14 medical establishments, 11 community groups, nine prisons or young offender institutions, nine sports venues and 28 other places including military establishments.

Bailey warned that the number of victims could run into the hundreds of thousands, and called for much more support for survivors of child abuse. He said he believed that the enormous increase in reports of all types of child sexual abuse – which have risen by 71% since 2012 to 116,000 reports this year – was not just down to more victims coming forward.

Instead, Bailey warned that the internet was creating the opportunity for more abuse to take place, and said live-streaming of child abuse on mobile phones was the next challenge facing law enforcers.

Bailey said the number of reports of abuse, both by adults of historical abuse, and by children today, was increasing on a daily basis, and the figures released on Wednesday were just a snapshot of the challenge faced by the police and society as a whole.

He supported calls for much more funding for victims of child abuse. “The government has allocated millions of pounds to provide additional support, but I am not sure that is going to be enough. We are talking about hundreds of thousands of victims,” he said.

Of the 116,000 reports of child sexual abuse this year, 52,446 are allegations of sexual abuse in the past, some involving cases going back decades. This amounts to a 166% increase in reports of non-recent abuse, said Bailey.

Detectives on Operation Hydrant are coordinating the many investigations into non-recent abuse involving both high-profile individuals and institutions, from a hub in Sheffield.

A team from Operation Hydrant is liaising with Justice Goddard to support the independent inquiry into child sexual abuse.

Each of the 1,433 suspects has been put into a major crime database, which is cross referenced to ensure that no inquires are being duplicated and to identify suspects whose offending crossed borders. So far 30 individuals have been identified in one or more of the investigations.

Bailey said the figures were stark. “This year I am anticipating an estimated 116,000 reports of child sexual abuse will be received, that is a 71% increase since 2012, so it gives you some idea of the scale of this.

“What we are seeing is an absolutely unprecedented increase in the number of reports that are coming forward. That has brought about a step-change in the way the police service has had to deal with this. We are rising to and meeting the challenge, this is what Operation Hydrant is about.”

Bailey said the Hydrant team was working to create a database which would try to ensure that the failures of the past – as identified in the Jimmy Savile case – would not be repeated.

During the investigation of the late Radio 1 DJ it emerged that intelligence and information, including reports of abuse, were buried in the system – in some cases to prevent leaks – which meant when individual police forces with their own allegations checked the national police computer database his name did not come up.

“One of our primary objectives is to make sure where we get intelligence and where we get evidence of abuse it is being coordinated so we don’t make those mistakes. That particular case showed mistakes were made and he was able to go on and continue further abusing. The whole idea is that we don’t make those mistakes again,” he said.

Bailey said everyone from teachers, GPs, parents and wider society had a duty to look out for signs of abuse. He said: “We face a massive challenge in terms of resources, time and expertise to balance offering routes of justice for those who suffered in the past while safeguarding and protecting children in a vulnerable position today.”

Sheila Taylor, from the national working group on child sexual exploitation, said a massive public health campaign was needed to address the scale of child abuse within society.

John Brown from the NSPCC said the failure to support victims amount to a public health problem. “That is the issue. We are not helping children and adult victims to recover and there are huge costs to society, there are economic considerations and individual psychiatric costs.”

Tom Watson, the Labour MP whose claims made in the Commons that there was a paedophile network linked to parliament triggered a Scotland Yard investigation, said: “The sheer number of allegations just shows why there should be a dedicated national police response to child abuse inquiries. Intelligence gathering and data sharing will be far easier were there to be a dedicated team comprising of specialists from around the country.

“We are only just beginning to understand how as a country, over many generations, we managed to turn a blind eye to Britain’s child abuse scandal. The survivors deserve justice and future generations require greater protection.”

Gabrielle Shaw, chief executive of the National Association for People Abused in Childhood (Napac), said: “The scale and scope of sexual abuse of children committed in the past can often seem overwhelming. What these figures from the National Police Chiefs’ Council do is to provide some degree of measure of the issue.

“And what a measure it is; prolific offenders from all spheres of society, thinking they were untouchable, abusing children and the most vulnerable in settings where they should have been safest , including schools, care facilities and religious institutions.”